'Journey By Night' (Isra)
of the Prophet...
- The Words of
Allah, as Revealed in Arabic, DOES NOT REVEAL that Prophet Muhammad (s.a.s) was taken from the Mosque
(Masjid) in Mekkah to the Mosque (Masjid) in Jerusalem.
deliberating what has been expounded further by Allah (s.w.t.) in Verses 53:
2 to 7 of the Qur'an, it is known to us with certainty that the Prophet was
taken to the highest part of Horizon, near the
Lote-tree and not to Jerusalem. Often, it is argued that King
Solomon's Temple in Jerusalem was also a MOSQUE. The Verse Number 95 of Sura
Al-e-Imran (3) REJECTS that argument. The verse 3: 59 reveals
"Undoubtedly, the first House for the worship of Allah
ever built for mankind is the one at Bakka (Makkah), a blessed site and a
guidance for all the worlds." This Text was Added
on September 1, 2008.
- Most of the Muslim translators have
- based upon the SPURIOUS NARRATIONS - either injected the name "Jerusalem" within the brackets or have
specified 'the Mosque in Jerusalem'
within their commentaries. It is a recorded historical fact
from the Islamic and Jewish history that there was NO MOSQUE in Jerusalem when the Second Khalif
Umar ibn al-Khattab (ra) conquered this
city. Khalifah Umar declined to pray in a Church and instead prayed in the open.
- Here is the transliteration of the Opening Verse
from Surah Al-Isra (17).
- subhanallazee 'asra bi-'Abdihee
laylam-minal Masjidil-Harami 'ila-Masjidil-'Aqsallazee barakna hawlahou
nuriyahou min 'Ayatina; 'innahou Huwas-Samee'ul Baseer
- Neither the name "MEKKAH" nor "JERUSALEM"
is mentioned within the above Arabic Text.
The Arabic root word "qsa" means "to be
distant". Al-aqsa refers to, "the more remote or further".
No doubt, the Mosque that NOW STANDS in Jerusalem
is known to Muslims as the "Al-Aqsa Mosque". But Allah (s.w.t) was
referring to THE FARTHEST MOSQUE, ONE THAT IS BEYOND THIS PLANET. The Qur'anic
Evidences and Support for that is to follow...
- Here is a direct translation of the above Verse
- Glory to (Allah) Who did take
His Servant for Journey by night, from the Sacred Mosque to
the Farthest Mosque,
whose precincts We did Bless, - in order that We might
show him some of Our
Signs: For He is the One Who Heareth and Seeth (all things).
- Notes: This event of "Al-Isra
" is often argued by those who wish to insist upon
Prophet's visit to JERUSALEM to be separate from the
event of "mi'raj" Ascension, mentioned in
the Qur'an Chapter 53 (Sura An-Najam). Upon reading the above verse it is
evident that the showing him of "Our Sings"
is clearly stated and related with the event of Al-Isra
in Chapter 17.
- The details of what
was shown to the Prophet(S)
viz. the Lote Tree, the Garden of Paradise etc.,
are mentioned in Chapter 53, hence there were NOT TWO SEPARATE
EVENTS. The Night Journey was from the Sacred
Mosque to the Mosque beyond the Highest Horizon. It
may also be noted that there is an article Al
(the), before the Names of these Two Masajid
and they indicate SPECIFIC DESIGNATED PLACES OF WORSHIP FOR
- Translator Yusuf Ali's MISLEADING -- SELF-CONTRADICTORY
Commentary Number 2168 reads:
- The Farthest Mosque
must refer to the site of the
Temple of Solomon in Jerusalem on the hill of Moriah, at or near which stands
the Dome of the Rock, called also the Mosque of Hadhrat 'Umar.
This and the Mosque known as the
Farthest Mosque (Masjid-ul-Aqsa) were completed by the Amir 'Abd-ul-Malik in
A.H. 68. Farthest, because it was the place of worship farthest west
which was known to the Arabs in the time of the holy Prophet: it was a sacred
place to both Jews and Christians, but the Christians then had the upper hand,
as it was included in the Byzantine (Roman) Empire, which maintained a
Patriarch at Jerusalem. The chief dates in connection with the Temple are: it
was finished by Solomon about B.C. 1004; destroyed by the Babylonians under
Nebuchadnezzar about 586 B.C.; rebuilt under Ezra and Nehemiah about 515 B.C.;
turned into a heathen idol-temple by one of Alexander's successors, Antiochus
Epiphanes, 167 B.C.; restored by Herod, B.C. 17 to A.D. 29; and completely
razed to the ground by the Emperor Titus in A.D. 70. These ups and downs are
among the greater Signs in religious history.
- The emphasis "must refer to" placed by the
translator is UNFOUNDED. Surprisingly, the next sentence of that commentary
acknowledges the fact that this famous Mosque in Jerusalem known as (Masjid-ul-Aqsa) was completed in 68
A. H. The Prophet passed away in 10 A. H.
- Yusuf Ali published his translation with
commentary in 1938. Millions of copies of that original publication,
above Erroneous Commentary, have been distributed from
Indo-Pakistan and also the revised and edited
copies from Saudi Arabia by The Presidency of
Islamic Researches, IFTA, Call and Guidance -- printed
by King Fahad Holy Qur'an Printing Complex. Any Muslim or non-Muslim, who is
not aware of the fact that
it is ONLY WITHIN the mistranslated texts and the commentaries this
EXISTS may be (naus'billah) inclined to doubt
the VERACITY of
- Allah knows the secret in the heavens and the earth
(Qur'an 25: 6). How could Allah reveal; His Prophet
had visited a Mosque
that DID NOT exist during Prophet's life time! It is the translators
and commentators misgivings based upon the Spurious Re-reported Narrations
quoted little later. Read the revealed verses of the Qur'an that negate
If you feel that you owe to Allah
and His Prophet, the dispelling of the Falsehood, please
read carefully the entire article and Spread The Truth...
- Where was this
Farthest Mosque if not in Jerusalem?
- The answer is, the Mosque Beyond the High Horizon
where the Prophet (s.a.s.) was taken, and where the Angels do Pray,
Celebrate and Glorify Allah as mentioned in the Qur'an:
- "The heavens are almost rent
asunder from above them (by His Glory): and the angels celebrate the Praises
of their Lord and pray for forgiveness for (all) beings on earth: Behold!
Verily Allah is He the Oft-Forgiving Most Merciful." Sura Ash-Shura
(42); Verse 5.
Within human concept the distance from Mekkah to
Jerusalem is the Farthest, but for Rabb of the Worlds (Universe) it is beyond
the high horizon were angles reside.
- To understand an obscure passage from the
Holy Qur'an it is suggested by Allah (see Qur'an 11: 1), to study other passages from the
Qur'an on the relevant subject matter. Here are verses that expound the
subject of Prophet's Journey by Night that unfold REALITY and disclose FACTS:
- Your Companion is
neither astray nor being misled. Nor does he say (aught) of (his own) Desire.
It is no less than inspiration sent down to him: He was taught by one mighty
in Power. Endued with Wisdom: For he appeared (in stately form). While he was
in the highest part of the horizon:.
Qur'an 53: 2-7
- The (Prophet's) (mind and)
heart in no way falsified that which he saw. Will ye then dispute with him
concerning what he saw? For indeed he saw him second time.
Lote-tree beyond which none may pass: Near it is the Garden of Abode.
Qur'an 53: 11: 15.
- 1. "Your Companion" is a reference to the
Holy Prophet Muhammad (s.a.s.).
- 2. Angel Gabriel is called "one in
mighty power, endued with wisdom". See Qur'an 81: 23
- 3. The above verses tell us that the Night
Journey of the Prophet was not a physical one.
- 4. The Garden of Abode and the Lote-tree
are located high above the Horizon in the SKY.
- 5. The Prophet had visited
the highest part of that horizon
beyond which none can go.
- 6. Since Angel Gabriel appeared for the
second time in the highest part of the horizon (after the first appearance in
the Cave near Mekkah), the idea of Prophet meeting Gabriel and drinking a cup
of milk offered by him in Jerusalem (see Hadeeth below) can not be
Those who claim that the Prophet (s.a.s.) met Angel Gabriel for
the Second time in the Mosque of Jerusalem
and thereafter he was taken to the Highest Horizon
near the Lote-tree are in reality refusing to Judge by what Allah
(s.w.t.) has Revealed in Q. 53: 11-15 quoted above...
They who do not judge by which Allah has revealed from the high are indeed,
Qur'an 5: 44.
- PLEASE READ THE FOLLOWING VERSES FOR SEVEN
FIRMAMENTS AND THE SEVEN EARTHS.
- Allah is He Who
created seven Firmaments and of the earth a similar
number. Through the midst of them (all) descends His Command: that
ye may know that Allah has power over all things and that Allah comprehends
all things in (His) Knowledge. Qur'an 65: 12
- 1. The Arabic term sama ("heaven"
"sky") is often translated as the canopy or the firmament above our
earth. Term Seven Heavens or Firmaments often appear in the Qur'an.
- 2. The phrase "earth (of) a similar
number" denotes the multiplicity of the cosmic system, which the mankind has
yet to discover. We know there are billions of galaxies and the possibility of
life similar to that on this earth cannot be ruled out.
- 3. Descending of Allah's Command tells us
that upon these far away "Earths" may live the obedient servants of Allah. If so,
there could be Mosques (Prayer Houses). And, Prophet Muhammad s.a.s. was given the
exclusive honor of visiting
"the farthest" of these Mosques.
- 4. We daily recite "Rabbil-'Alameen"
meaning Allah is the Rabb of the Worlds (plural). To doubt the
existence of other worlds that also need sustaining is to doubt the
text of the Qur'an.
In verse 17: 1 above, it is revealed that the objective of THE NIGHT JOURNEY
WAS TO SHOW THE PROPHET (S) ALLAH'S SIGNS. The detailed information of Allah's
Great Signs shown to the Prophet
beyond the highest horizon are recorded under chapter 53, particularly
in verse 18. The commentary number 2168 quoted earlier tells us
there were no Great Signs of Allah in Jerusalem
during the life Prophet to
- Spurious narrations have superimposed the Qur'an:
- There are several such narrations in
circulation. I have selected the ones compiled by Imam Bukhari who is regarded
as the top most sound authority on the Collection of Hadeeths. Please read the following "cut and paste"
text. The Narration is from
the classification DRINKS 'Intoxicants and Gambling; Stones and Arrow', Volume 7,
Hadeeth Number 482 (the text is reproduced from Alim CD):
- Narrated Abu Huraira:
On the night Allah's Apostle was taken on a night journey (Miraj) two cups,
containing wine and the other milk, were presented to him at Jerusalem. He
looked at it and took the cup of milk. Gabriel said, "Praise be to Allah Who
you to Al-Fitra (the right path); if you had taken (the cup of) wine, your
would have gone astray."
- 1. The Qur'an has recorded the first
meeting of the Prophet with Angel Gabriel in a visible form was in the cave of Hira on the Mountain
of Light (Nur), near Mekkah.
- 2. The Prophet's next meeting with Angel
Gabriel in a visible form was during his Miraj or Night Journey, near the Lote-tree and the Garden of Abode as mentioned
in verses 53: 11-15. And, that was the 2nd meeting.
- 3. The Qur'an does not record any meeting
of the Prophet with Angel Gabriel in Jerusalem.
- 4. The Night Journey of the Prophet from
this earth to beyond the horizon and in the vicinity of the Lote Tree was a
Spiritual Journey and NOT a Physical one -- according to Bibi A'isha (r.a.)
the Prophet's body was lying in bed -- the concept of DRINKING MILK by
the Spirit on a Spiritual Journey (with physical body in bed) can
not be entertained.
- 5. The
Prophet's Night Journey was direct from one Mosque on this earth to another
Mosque beyond the Horizon. There was no stop-over.
- PLEASE READ THE FOLLOWING HADEETH FROM
BUKHARI; CLASSIFICATION FASTING; VOL. 3: 215.
- Narrated Abu Said Al
Khudri (who fought in twelve Ghazawat
- in the company of the
- I heard four things from
the Prophet and they won my admiration. He said;
1. "No lady should travel on a journey of two days except with her husband or
2. "No fasting is permissible on the two days of Id-ul-Fitr and 'Id-ul-Adha;
3. "No prayer (may be offered) after the morning compulsory prayer until the
sun rises; and no prayer after the 'Asr prayer till the sun sets;
4. "One should travel only for visiting three Masjid (Mosques): Masjid-al-Haraam
(Mecca), Masjid-al-Aqsa (Jerusalem), and this (my) Mosque (at Medina)."
1. Could the Prophet have spoken about a
Mosque that DID NOT EXIST UPON THIS EARTH?
- 2. While DEFENDING THE
ERRONEOUS COMMENTARIES based upon Hadeeths, some scholars do argue that Jewish Temple or Christian Church CAN ALSO
qualify as a "Mosque". IF SO, did the Prophet
equate, in above quoted Hadeeth, the Church wherein the names of Jesus Christ
and Mary - the Mother of Jesus, were being INVOKED
with the SACRED MASJID-AL-HARAM???
"And Mosques are built for Allah's worship; therefore, invoke not anyone along
with Allah." Qur'an 72: 18. This verse disqualify the Christian
Churches from being designated as Mosques.
- 4. Umar Ibn Khattab would not have refused
to pray in the Church of Jerusalem or any location where the Prophet had
- Text of another Hadeeth from Al-Bukhari 4:
585 (also 4: 636), cut and paste from ALIM CD:
- Narrated Abu Dhar
I said, "O Allah's Apostle! Which
mosque was first built on the surface of the
earth?" He said, "Al-Masjid-ul-Haram (in Mecca)."
I said, "Which was built next?"
He replied "The mosque of Al-Aqsa ( in Jerusalem)." I said, "What was
of construction between the two?" He
said, "Forty years." He added, "Wherever
(you may be, and) the prayer time becomes due, perform the prayer there, for
best thing is to do so (i.e. to offer the prayers in time)."
The Qur'an Reveals that this Masjid-ul-Haram was built by Prophet
Ibrahim and his son Prophet Ishmael (a.s.), while they were in Mekkah. This
was the first Masjid built on this earth.
- 2. How could Prophet speak of
"FORTY YEARS" when he perfectly
well knew the REVEALED TEXT for the building of that Mosque.
- 3. The History of Islam records that the
next or the second Masjid, after the one in Mekkah, was built by
Prophet Muhammad (s.a.s.) himself in
Medina when he had migrated to Medina. Neither the Muslims nor the Prophet had
migrated to Jerusalem when Medina Mosque was built.
Six years after the Prophet had left this earth the followers of Islam
- 5. The foundation of the third Masjid was
laid by the Second Khalifa Umar Ibn Khattab (r.a.) while he was in Jerusalem.
The Mosque upon the surface of this earth known as Al-Aqsa Mosque was
completed by Amir Abdul Malik Marwan and by his son Al-Walid, after 68 Hijri.
- 6. The Prophet had visited the
"FARTHEST MOSQUE" WHICH WAS NOT
IN JERUSALEM OR UPON THIS EARTH.
- A passage from the biography of the second Khalif
Umar bin al-Khattab (r.a.):
- The Patriarch of
Jerusalem handed over the keys of the city of Jerusalem to Umar. The Muslims
were now the masters of Jerusalem. That was a special divine favour of God to
the Muslims. As Umar entered the city he was greeted by the citizens with
great enthusiasm. Umar said that he wanted to be led to some place where he
could offer thanksgiving prayer to God.
He was led to a Church but he refused
to pray there, on the ground that that would set a precedent for the
Muslims of the following generations to forcibly convert churches into
- Umar stayed in Jerusalem
for a few days. He reorganised the administration, and made the necessary
arrangements to look after the needs of the citizens.
He founded a mosque at an elevated
place in the city. This mosque came to be known as Umar's Mosque.
- The above passages tell us that there was
NO MOSQUE IN JERUSALEM to give
Azan or to Pray
to Allah, when the Khalif entered the city.
He laid the foundation of the First
Mosque in Jerusalem.
- IMPORTANT QUESTION:
If the so called reliable compilers of
the Prophetic Narrations could hear and record the above quoted Reliable
Narrations related by ABU HURAIRA,
ABU SAID AL KHUDRI, ABU DHAR, relating to the
JERUSALEM CALLED MASJID AL-AQSA,
CENTURIES LATER, how come KHALIFA UMAR WHO
HAD LIVED MOST OF HIS LIFE WITH THE PROPHET (s.a.s.) HAD NOT KNOWN OF IT AND DID NOT
INQUIRE ABOUT THE LOCATION OF THIS MOSQUE IN THE CITY DURING HIS STAY IN JERUSALEM AND
INSTEAD PRAYED IN THE OPEN SPACE AND LATER ON BUILD THE
learn the history of Al-Aqsa Mosque visit:
- Here at
one will find the ONLINE GUIDE TO HARAM AL-SHARIF THE NOBLE
SANCTUARY IN JERUSALEM. The glimpses of the history of the Temple of Solomon;
the Conquer of Jerusalem after the death of the Prophet; the photos and
history of the Mosque of Umar; the Dome of the Rock; the Al-Aqsa Mosque and
other constructions in the Sanctuary.
- After reading the historical facts, IF YOU
ARE CONVINCED there was NO MOSQUE IN JERUSALEM during
the life of the Prophet, then BELIEVE IT - these Hadeeths
were forged by people who lived AFTER THE
PROPHET HAD LEFT THE WORLD AND KNEW OF THIS MOSQUE. THESE FORGERS THEN ATTRIBUTED
THEIR SOURCES TO THOSE COMPANIONS WHO HAD FOUGHT SIDE BY SIDE WITH PROPHET.
- Allah reveals: Those to whom
We have sent the Book study it as it should be Tilawatih (Recited):
They are the ones that believe therein. Qur'an 2:
121. We cannot ADD the name of city "Jerusalem" or
SUBSTITUTE "Mosque" with the Jewish
Temple or a Christian Church within Opening Verse of Surah
Al-Isra (17). If we truly and sincerely wish to study what Allah has Revealed
let us not deviate from the Arabic Text!
- Important Question and its
- A Muslim Brother wrote:
- Waleykum salaam
- Thanks for the article, it's intriguing and enlightening to say the
least' but you left one question unanswered. It's maintained in traditions
that before turning their Qibla direction towards kaaba, Muslim used to
face Jerusalem while they prayed. Why did they do that and what the
significance of this prior to the revelation that asked them to turn their
Qibla to kaaba?
- MY ANSWER: Prior
to the promulgation of the Islamic Laws and/or the Traditions by Allah through
His Final Testament - the Qur'an, the earlier Revealed Laws and/or the
Traditions were applied. As for an example; The "stoning to death" for
the sin of adultery was substituted with "flogging" once the Verses of Surah
Nur (24: 2 to 6) were revealed. The significance of Kab'ah takes us to our
roots in the Patriarch Abraham (a.s.), who is honored by Allah for being Hanif and
- A Response Posted on an
- to a Hadeeth from Bukhari quoted by me earlier, the opening
passage of which reads:
- I said, "O Allah's Apostle!
mosque was first built on the surface of the
earth?" He said, "Al-Masjid-ul-Haram (in Mecca)."
I said, "Which was built next?"
He replied "The mosque of Al-Aqsa ( in Jerusalem)." I said, "What was
of construction between the two?"
said, "Forty years."
Please read carefully the following response and my brief note added after the
His saying (40 years)
But the possibility mentioned by Ibn al-Jawzi is more pertinent. And I found
evidence supporting those who say that it is Adam who founded both mosques.
For instance, Ibn Hisham mentioned in "Kitab al-Tijan" that when Adam
built the Ka`bah, God ordered him to walk to Bayt al-Maqdis and build it and
so he did and offered worship in it. And the construction of the House
i.e., the Ka`bah] is famous and we have
mentioned earlier the hadith of `Abd Allah Ibn `Amr that the House was
elevated in the time of the flood until God showed Abraham its location. Ibn
Abi Hatim narrated from the way of Ma`mar from Qatadah: God founded the
House with Adam when he descended. But Adam missed the voices of the Angels
and their prayers. Therefore, God told him: I sent down a House around which
revolve like it is revolved around my Throne, so set out to it. Adam set out
to Makkah - He had descended in India, and his steps were enlarged until he
reached the House and revolved around it. It was also said that when he had
prayed at the Ka`bah, he was ordered to set out to Jerusalem where he built a
and prayed therein so that it became a qiblah to a part of his progeny.
In summary, the verse 17:1 refers to the holy locations in
Jerusalem and Makkah because they are blessed regardless of the presence or
absence of a building at the time of the heavenly trip of Prophet Muhammad(P).
From an Islamic point of view, evidence has been given by eminent Muslim
scholars like Ibn Hajar and Ibn al-Jawzi showing that it was Adam(P)
who built both mosques for the first time and that the job of Abraham and
Solomon(P) was only a renovation/reconstruction
of these sanctuaries.
- Brief note:
Prophet Muhammad (p) had no knowledge of the past
or future. Neither the text of Hadeeth quoted earlier nor those quoted by the
Islamic website indicate that the narrated information had come from Allah,
who had Commanded Adam (a.s.) to build these two mosques. On the other hand, we know it with full
assurance that the Prophet was conveyed the following:
- Remember We made the
house a place of assembly for men and a place of
safety; and take ye the station of Abraham as a place of prayer; and We
covenanted with Abraham and Isma`il that they should sanctify My House for
those who compass it round or use it as a retreat or bow or prostrate
themselves (therein in prayer). Qur'an
- RECENT E-MAILS FROM READERS:
- Several readers have sent emails informing
me that the famous Jewish TEMPLE OF SOLOMON in Jerusalem was the Mosque
Al-Aqsa that Prophet Muhammad (s.a.s.) had visited on that night.
- My Response:
The history books have recorded that Roman
Emperor Titus had completely destroyed that Temple in 70 A.D. There was no
Jewish Temple or an Islamic Mosque in Jerusalem during the life of the
Prophet. Later, the Dome of the Rock was built on that vacant plot of land in
63 Hijri. Yes, there was a Christian Church with the images of Jesus and
The Temple Mount - the Haram-esh-Sharif
The Temple Mount (Heb., Har Habayit; Arabic, Haram esh-Sharif, the Noble
Sanctuary),is identified in both Jewish and
Islamic tradition as the area of Mount Moriah where
Abraham offered up his son in sacrifice (Genesis
Koran, Sura Al-Saffat 37:102-110). Here
King Solomon built the First
Temple almost 3,000 years ago. It was destroyed by the
Babylonians in 586 BCE, but 70 years later Jews returning from exile built
Temple on the same site.
King Herod refashioned it into an edifice of great splendor. Following the
Jerusalem by the
Romans in the year 70, the area of the Temple was deliberately left in ruins
(first by the
Romans, then by the
Byzantines). This desecration was not redressed until the
Muslim conquest of the city by the Caliph Omar ibn al-Khattab in 638. He
ordered the clearing of the site and the building of a "house of prayer". Some
50 years later, the
Umayyad Caliph Abd al-Malik built the Dome of the Rock to enshrine the
outcrop of bedrock believed to be the "place of the sacrifice" on Mount Moriah.
He (or his son, the Caliph al-Walid I) also built the large mosque at the
southern end of the Haram, which came to be called al-Aksa.
The above was copied from the Internet...
What is your Personal
Since the Prophet's Journey was a singular event in
his life time and he was taken Directly from One Mosque to Another Mosque, the
important question is; Where was that Al-Aqsa Mosque?
Those who wish to UPHOLD the re-reported Narrations from the Collection by Imam
Bukhari as fully Dependable and totally Authentic; the Al-Aqsa
Mosque for them was in JERUSALEM...
Those who wish to UPHOLD the revealed verses of the Qur'an in Surah Najm (Ch.
53) the ONLY Dependable and Authentic; the Al-Aqsa Mosque
for them was Beyond the HIGHEST HORIZON...
TOP RANKING LEARNED SCHOLARS OF HADITHS OF OUR ERA HAVE DISCOVERED THAT ISLAM
TODAY ABSOLVES AND EMBRACES MORE THAN 5000 WEAK, SPURIOUS OR FABRICATED
TO READ THE DETAILS VISIT
- ALLAH ALONE KNOWS THE TRUTH...