Examining the Famous Quote:
"My Father and Your Father,
My God and Your God"
from the
Biblical and Quranic Perspectives



        In the Gospel according to John, there is an important narration that tells us that when the grief stricken Mary Magdalene was standing outside of the empty tomb of her Teacher (Rabboni) Christ Jesus, she surprisingly heard her beloved Jesus calling her by her name. The bewildered Mary turned around and in her excitement clanged to her Teacher. Thereupon, Jesus cautioned Mary and said to her as under: 
Stop clinging to me; for I have not yet ascended to the Father; but go to my brethren (disciples), and say to them, 'I ascend to my Father and your Father, and my God and your God.'  (John 20: 17).
       Let us examine the above recorded crucial statement which is in the red print, from the Biblical as well as from the Qur'anic perspectives. 

THE BIBLICAL PERSPECTIVES

"My Father and your Father"

     This phrase spoken by Jesus and recorded in the Bible clearly substantiates as well as establishes the fact that the term "Father" used by Jesus in the above statement was anything but to justify him proclaiming an exclusive relationship with the Heavenly Father. In other words, this unequivocally recorded verbatim authenticates that the relationship of Jesus with "his Father" was no different from the relationship of his disciples with the same entity as "their Father". It was not a specifically designated exclusive or unique relationship. The innovated conception of Jesus being the "begotten" son of the Father was developed in the fourth century. It was injected by Jerome into the Latin Bible to refute the claims made by Bishop Arius (d.336) and his associates that Father alone was really God and Jesus was made (created) and not begotten. (For more details please read Anchor Bible - Vol.29, The Gospel according to John (i), published by Doubleday, Garden City, N.Y, p. 13-14). Apostle John had recorded that Jesus was "of a single kind" (Unique). The reason being Jesus was born to a Virgin. The Qur'an upholds that concept and reveals in 3:47 that the conception of Jesus was by the Allah's Command (a Spoken Word).

"My God and your God"

      The above phrase spoken by Jesus and recorded in the Bible clearly substantiates and establishes the fact that Jesus also **had** a "God" and that "God of Jesus" was no other than the "God of his Disciples". Bible records that Jesus often fell on his face and prayed to "his God". It is fundamentally incorrect as well as illogical to propagate or believe that the entity which prays and the entity that responds to such prayers are One or they both are co-equal in Authority, Capability and Power.
 

THE QURANIC PERSPECTIVES

"My Father and your Father"

   A question often asked by the readers of the Qur'an. 

Ques: Since Allah has no "Son", could Jesus - the righteous prophet of Allah, have ever addressed "God" as "Father" or as "my Father"?

Answer: Since it is recorded in the four Gospels there is a likely hood of Jesus (prophet Isa a. s.), having addressed  "God" as "my Father".
However, Jesus did not ever claim he was the "begotten" son of God as indicated earlier under the Biblical perspectives. In the Semitic term the word "Son" was usually used as a *metaphorical term* to show the *spiritual relationship* between the parties. In the Old Testament, prophet Moses addresses Israelis; "You are the sons of your Lord God" (Deut. 14:1). In the New Testament Adam is called "son of God" by Luke (3:38). None of these texts implied that there was physical relationship between the parties. Upon closer examination of the seven verses of the Qur'an quoted below, one notices that it is the "begetting of the son" which is vehemently negated by Allah within these verses. Nowhere it is recorded in the Bible that Jesus had ever claimed being the begotten son of God, whom he called the Heavenly Father of all. 

Translations of Qur'anic Verses by Abdullah Yusuf Ali: 

Say: "Praise be to Allah Who begets no son and has no partner in (His) dominion: nor (needs) He any to protect Him from humiliation: Yea magnify Him for His greatness and glory!"   17: 111

Further that He may warn those (also) who say "Allah hath begotten a son":  18: 4

It is not befitting to (the majesty of) Allah that He should beget a son.  Glory be to Him! When He determines a matter He only says to it "Be" and it is.  19: 35

They say: "(Allah) Most Gracious has begotten a son!" 
Indeed ye have put forth a thing most monstrous! 19: 88/89 

For it is not consonant with the majesty of (Allah) Most Gracious that He should beget a son.  19: 92

No son did Allah beget nor is there any god along with Him: (if there were many gods) behold each god would have taken away what he had created and some would have lorded it over others! Glory to Allah (He is free) from the (sort of) things they attribute to Him!   23: 91

He begetteth not nor is He begotten;   112: 3

"My God and your God"

     The following three verses from the Qur'an gives the clear picture that Jesus (Isa a.s.), did preach the worshiping of one and only God: 

And behold! Allah will say "O Jesus the son of Mary! didst thou say unto men 'worship me and my mother as gods in derogation of Allah"?  He will say: "Glory to Thee! never could I say what I had no right (to say). Had I said such a thing Thou wouldst indeed have known it.  Thou knowest what is in my heart though I know not what is in Thine. 
For Thou knowest in full all that is hidden.   5: 116

"Never said I to them aught except what Thou didst command me to say to wit 'Worship Allah my Lord and your Lord'; and I was a witness over them whilst I dwelt amongst them; when Thou didst take me up thou wast the Watcher over them and Thou art a Witness to all things.   5: 117

"If Thou dost punish them they are Thy servants: if Thou dost forgive them Thou art the Exalted the Wise.  5: 118 


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