the Famous Quote:
Father and Your Father,
God and Your God"
and Quranic Perspectives
In the Gospel according to John, there is an important narration that tells
us that when the grief stricken Mary Magdalene was standing outside of
the empty tomb of her Teacher (Rabboni) Christ Jesus, she surprisingly
heard her beloved Jesus calling her by her name. The bewildered Mary turned
around and in her excitement clanged to her Teacher. Thereupon, Jesus cautioned
Mary and said to her as under:
Stop clinging to me; for I
have not yet ascended to the Father; but go to my brethren (disciples),
and say to them, 'I ascend to
my Father and your Father, and my God and your God.' (John
us examine the above recorded crucial statement which is in
the red print, from the Biblical as well as from the Qur'anic perspectives.
THE BIBLICAL PERSPECTIVES
"My Father and your Father"
phrase spoken by Jesus and recorded in the Bible clearly substantiates
as well as establishes the fact that the term "Father"
used by Jesus in the above statement was anything but to justify him proclaiming
an exclusive relationship with the Heavenly Father. In other words, this
unequivocally recorded verbatim authenticates that the relationship of
Jesus with "his Father"
was no different from the relationship of his disciples with the same entity
as "their Father".
It was not a specifically designated exclusive or unique relationship.
innovated conception of Jesus being the "begotten"
son of the Father was developed in the fourth century. It was injected
by Jerome into the Latin Bible to refute the claims made by Bishop Arius
(d.336) and his associates that Father alone was really God and Jesus was
made (created) and not begotten. (For more details please read Anchor
Bible - Vol.29, The Gospel according to John (i), published by Doubleday,
Garden City, N.Y, p. 13-14). Apostle John had recorded that Jesus was "of
a single kind" (Unique). The reason being Jesus was born to a Virgin.
The Qur'an upholds that concept and reveals in 3:47 that the conception
of Jesus was by the Allah's Command (a Spoken Word).
"My God and your God"
The above phrase
spoken by Jesus and recorded in the Bible clearly substantiates and establishes
the fact that Jesus also **had**
a "God" and that "God of Jesus" was no other than the "God of his Disciples".
Bible records that Jesus often fell on his face and prayed to "his God".
It is fundamentally incorrect as well as illogical to propagate or believe
that the entity which prays and the entity that responds to such prayers
are One or they both are co-equal in Authority, Capability and Power.
THE QURANIC PERSPECTIVES
"My Father and your Father"
question often asked by the readers of the Qur'an.
Allah has no "Son", could Jesus - the righteous prophet of Allah, have
ever addressed "God" as "Father" or as "my Father"?
Answer: Since it is recorded
in the four Gospels there is a likely hood of Jesus (prophet Isa a.
s.), having addressed "God" as "my Father".
However, Jesus did not ever claim he was the
son of God as indicated earlier under the Biblical perspectives. In the
Semitic term the word "Son" was usually used as a *metaphorical term* to
show the *spiritual relationship* between the parties. In the Old Testament,
prophet Moses addresses Israelis; "You are the sons of your Lord God" (Deut.
14:1). In the New Testament Adam is called "son of God" by Luke (3:38).
None of these texts implied that there was physical relationship between
the parties. Upon closer examination of the seven verses of the Qur'an
quoted below, one notices that it is the "begetting
of the son" which is vehemently negated by
Allah within these verses. Nowhere it is recorded in the Bible that Jesus
had ever claimed being the begotten son of
God, whom he called the Heavenly Father of
Translations of Qur'anic Verses by Abdullah Yusuf Ali:
Say: "Praise be to Allah Who begets
no son and has no partner in (His) dominion: nor (needs) He any to protect
Him from humiliation: Yea magnify Him for His greatness and glory!"
"My God and your God"
Further that He may warn those (also) who say "Allah hath begotten
son": 18: 4
It is not befitting to (the majesty of) Allah that He should
beget a son. Glory be to Him! When He determines a matter
He only says to it "Be" and it is. 19: 35
They say: "(Allah) Most Gracious has begotten
Indeed ye have put forth a thing most monstrous! 19: 88/89
For it is not consonant with the majesty of (Allah) Most Gracious
that He should beget a son. 19: 92
No son did Allah beget nor is there
any god along with Him: (if there were many gods) behold each god would
have taken away what he had created and some would have lorded it over
others! Glory to Allah (He is free) from the (sort of) things they attribute
to Him! 23: 91
not nor is He begotten;
following three verses from the Qur'an gives the clear picture that Jesus
a.s.), did preach the worshiping of one and only God:
And behold! Allah will say "O Jesus
the son of Mary! didst thou say unto men 'worship
me and my mother as gods in derogation of Allah"?
He will say: "Glory to Thee! never could I say what I had no right (to
say). Had I said such a thing Thou wouldst indeed have known it.
Thou knowest what is in my heart though I know not what is in Thine.
For Thou knowest in full all that is hidden.
"Never said I to them aught except what Thou
didst command me to say to wit 'Worship Allah
my Lord and your Lord'; and I was a witness
over them whilst I dwelt amongst them; when Thou didst take me up thou
wast the Watcher over them and Thou art a Witness to all things.
"If Thou dost punish them they are Thy servants:
if Thou dost forgive them Thou art the Exalted the Wise. 5: 118
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