- Human Embryology:
- For over a period of last three decades
or more, several articles have been placed on the
Internet for the study of
embryonic development of a Human body during the pregnancy, describing the
stage by stage progress and comparing that with the verses of the Qur'an.
Critics may argue that during the Greco-Roman civilization, which flourished
prior to the revelation of the Qur'an, the physicians practicing the art of
healing the human bodies used to perform surgical operations upon the dead
bodies and make sketches. And, the deaths of women in pregnancies
or miscarriages were not uncommon. It is likely that they had acquired the
similar knowledge prior to the seventh century. No doubts, Jews were not
permitted to examine the dead bodies by their strict laws but the vast
majority of the Gentile communities, living in close proximity to
Arabian peninsula had no such restrictions.
- Science of Microbiology:
- The science of microbiology
was originally directed towards the study of microorganisms (bacteria, viruses,
and fungi) and their effects on human bodies (diseases and decays). During the last
century, that study of microorganisms has been shifted to their effects on human physiology
biochemistry. And, very lately it has been directed to the science of Human
Genetics and Genome. The word "genome" is
a combination of the words "gene" and "chromosome". By mapping and reading
Genetic Codes of various organisms researchers have
discovered that there is a genetic "unity of life" upon this earth. All living
organisms on this Earth do share certain molecular traits from that distant
ancestral life form. Because all microorganisms are related through similarities in
DNA sequences, insights gained from non-human genomes often lead to new
knowledge about human biology. Any living organism too small to be seen by
the naked eye is defined as the microorganism.
- The Generations Gap of
- One has to appreciate the fact
that the Qur'an was revealed to mankind using the words and
expressions that existed in the mankind's vocabulary of the seventh century
Hence, every secret that was yet to unfold was delivered to mankind by the
All Knowing Allah in the words and expressions of that era.
However the sublime choice of Arabic words have been such that when the hidden secrets
do become manifest at a later date that they could be related to the
vocabulary of the future generations.
Today, when the generation gap of our vocabulary has been closed, the same Arabic words and phrases holding
the secrets convey to us a totally different picture. However, the translators
of the past era had no
clue at all as to the intended meanings of the Arabic terms and phrases. Unfortunately,
they borrowed the pre-Islamic traditional beliefs
and superstitions to translate the hidden secrets of the
Revealed Text as it
was done in this specific case. For the source of the picture copied below, click
*home* at the end of the black bar below:
A Primer: From DNA to Life
The Arabic Text of the
Qur'an under study:
Zumar (Chapter 39), Verse 6:
The scholars confirm that the Arabic text that
is printed today is no different from the original Arabic text that was codified and circulated
by the third Caliph in 654 C. E.
- Here is the
translation based upon the pre-Islamic superstition:
- He created you
(all) from a single person: then created, of like nature,
his mate; and He sent down for you eight head of cattle in pairs: He
makes you, in the wombs of your mothers, in stages, one after another,
in three veils of darkness. Such is Allah, your Lord and Cherisher: to
Him belongs (all) dominion. There is no god but He: then how are ye
turned away (from your true Center)?
- The above translation (including the text
within the parenthesis) was first published in 1938 from Lahore, India (now
Pakistan) by the late Abdullah Yusuf Ali. In his commentary to the above verse (foot
note No. 4250),
the translator affirms that the four pairs of cattle, viz., sheep, goats,
camels and oxen mentioned by him in his translation are associated "with certain
Arab superstitions". He continues to write; these four kinds of cattle were then regarded "as representative of
domestic cattle given by Allah as useful to man". Upon examination it is
noticed that not only Yusuf Ali but the majority of the translators have
copied their works from earlier translations upholding the same pre-Islamic
superstition. Upon closer scrutiny one notices the fact that the text immediately
following this "superstition" is not only out of step but is beyond common
sense and logic. Allah could not
have revealed that He had sent or provided the pairs of sheep, goats, camels and oxen
within a message concerning "in
the wombs of mothers, in stages, one after another".
- Color Codes:
- The texts in BLUE PRINTS
are the phrase by
phrase transliterations of the ARABIC TEXT.
- The texts in GREEN PRINTS
are the phrase by phrase translations presented by Yusuf Ali.
- The texts in RED PRINTS
are the REVISED translations in light of the known scientific data.
- The texts in BLACK PRINTS are the notes to
exemplify the scientific terms and data.
- khalaqa kum
- He created you (all)
- Question posed at the end of this verse
demands that the readers of this verse pay special attention to the Message
of this verse which unfolds the secrets of "your own creation".
- min nafsin' wahidatin
- from a single
- In Arabic language there are no reflective
personal pronouns, their place is partly supplied by the word "nafs" (a
feminine noun, singular). It denotes soul; life; spirit; breath; will; self; an individual, a human
being; a living organism, etc.
Since this verse deals with the issue of human conceptions within the womb of
their mothers, nafs denotes, a living cell - an organism. The word "nafs" is
followed by "wahidatin" meaning; one only; single; by itself and that means
your creation is "from a single cell".
Scientifically the human cell - the basic unit, is a watery,
compartment filled with chemicals and has a complete copy of the organism's
- thumma ja'ala minha zawjaha
- then created, of like nature,
- The word "zawj" means,
husband; spouse; companion; one of a pair; consort, mate. The creation of a
"mate, of like nature" is a reference to the close pairing of
homologs at meiosis. Biologically it is termed as Synapsis, meaning the side by genetic association of homologous maternal
chromosomes and paternal paired chromosomes in the early stages of
Chromosome is a microscopic thread-like bundle that carries the genes and
other DNA in the nucleus of a cell. Humans have 23 pairs of chromosomes,
i.e., 46 in all. Half of these chromosomes come from their mothers and the
other half from their fathers.
- wa 'anzala lakum minal 'an-ami thama-niyata
- and He
for you eight genes,
- The verb "anzala" means; to cause
to descend; to provide. The collective noun "an'am"
is used for living creatures. Here it refers to the life
bearing Genes. The phrase "thama-niyata 'azwaj" means "eight-in-pairs".
This is the reference to the Two Strands of DNA that are held together
between the "Base Pair (bp)". Each strand has the GENETIC CODE (ATGC -
Adenine, Thymine, Guanine and Cytosine). They makeup the bases of DNA. The
instructions in a gene tells the cell how to make a specific protein. Each gene's code combines these As,
Ts, Gs and Cs in various ways to spell out the 3-letter "words" that specify
which amino acid is needed at every step in making a protein. The final
structural arrangement of DNA looks like an immensely long ladder with two
sides, twisted into a helix, or coil joined weakly in the middle by the
"rungs". It is called the "double helix". Briefly, the two pairs of
Genetic Codes (ATGC) are
strategically provided within the wombs of our mothers to make the body parts.
- yakhluqu kum fee butouni 'ummahati kum
makes you, in the wombs of your mothers,
- khalqam-mim ba'di khalqin
one after another,
- This is a direct reference to the
scientific term "DNA
Replication". It is the natures greatest marvel. This is a process by which
"double helix" of DNA unwinds (uncoils) and makes an exact copy of itself.
And, thereafter these TWO "double helix" make TWO replicas. The
multiplication keeps going. Due to
this process of "creation after creation", a human child
that starts from a single cell has more than 200 billion cells and has all
the body parts necessary for life, within a period of nine months. Can one
the original single cell that was so tiny that it could be lost in a hole
made by a pin became our Replica?
fee zulumatin thalath.
- in three
- The germ layers begin to form quite early in
human embryonic development. The outermost layers is called the ectoderm.
The innermost layer is the endoderm. Between these two germ layers lies the
mesoderm. At first these three germ layers are more or less uniform. Soon
they begin to take different characteristics. In each layers of embryo,
tissues and organs begin to take shape. Every adult organ is identified with
one of these three germ layers of darkness.
- Zaliku-mu-LLahu Rabbu kum
- Such is Allah,
your Lord and Cherisher:
- to Him belongs (all) dominion.
- La 'ilaha 'illa Hou.
- There is no god but He
- Fa-'anna tusrafoun?
- then how are you
- Deluded from the reality of your own
(after having known these hidden facts)?
- Sources for the scientific information:
- National Human Genome Research
- The Human Genome Project websites
Another 7th century secret
that has been uncovered...
- "HE IS LORD OF THE TWO
EASTS AND THE LORD OF THE TWO WESTS"
- Qur'an 55: 17
- During the seventh century, MANKIND knew
and believed our planet earth to be flat...
- Today, the space travel has confirmed
without any doubt, that our planet is like a globe and is surrounded by many
planets and galaxies. Inter planetary travel is a viability. When that
happens, our concept of going East or West may include the East and the West
- THINK... DID NOT THE
AUTHOR OF THE QUR'AN TELL US THAT HE IS THE LORD OF THIS EARTH AS WELL
AS OF THAT UNIVERSE ?
- One more 7th century secret
that has been uncovered...
- "Verily, verily they shall
soon (come to) know! Have We not made the earth as a wide expanse. And the
mountains as (it's) pegs? Qur'an 78:
- Mankind's knowledge of "CRATONS" is very
recent and not common. It is so uncommon that the spell-check of this
Microsoft FrontPage has not listed it. What is a craton? "A
craton is an old and stable part of the continental crust that has survived
the merging and splitting of continents and supercontinents for at least 500
million years. Cratons are generally found in the interiors of continents and
are formed of a crust of lightweight felsic igneous rock such as granite
attached to a section of the upper mantle. A craton may extend to depth of 200
km." (Quoted text from:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Craton). Cratons, which occupy the
greater part of every continent, have subdued topographies and lie close to
sea level. Sometime the craton is
referred to as the nucleus of a continent. (Source: Compton's
Interactive Encyclopedia 1999). Some of these rocks that form the
Cratons are older than 2.5
billion years and are shaped like the base of a large diamond, shaped
and cut to set in a ring. These Cratons hold the continental plates and go
deep in the sea. What better word there could be, from the
vocabulary of the seventh century, to describe these continents holding peg
cratons than the "tent pegs", in the language of the tent-dwellers?
- ONCE IT IS CONVINCINGLY ESTABLISHED THAT
THE SEVENTH CENTURY QUR'AN
- HAS INDEED THE KNOWLEDGE, FOURTEEN
CENTURIES AHEAD OF ITS TIME,
- THAT FACT BY ITSELF IS A CONVINCING PROOF
AND ANSWER TO
- WHO COULD BE ITS AUTHOR?
- Recently, a surfer asked me to
furnish a comprehensive information on Genes. Below is my
response. Sources: The Internet websites of biochem and national
institutes of health.
Genes are pieces of DNA, and most genes contain the information
for making a specific protein. There are many discussions between
biologists to find a comprehensive definition of a gene, which is not
easy, if possible at all. Structurally, gene is a basic functional and physical
unit of hereditary material passed from parent to offspring. An ordered
sequence of nucleotide bases that encodes a product (this product could
be just RNA like rRNA or finally coding for a protein). The specific
place on a chromosome where a gene is located is called "gene locus".
The chromosome that carries the gene is located in the nucleus of a live